Europe 1978
 
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Europe 1978

In late summer of 1978, one year after graduating from Pharmacy College and still immersed in the newness of my profession, I took a month vacation to visit my Dad who was taking a break from his own profession in Ohio and living in Darmstadt, Germany working for the American Schools on a military base. I had never been outside of the United States and barely out of the state of Ohio at that time and was ready for an adventure with my Dad. We had the time of our life in those fast moving weeks, seeing new sights everyday, traveling by bus, plane, car, and train to the many places we visited. Back then I wasn't much of a photographer and only shot a couple rolls of slide film that I had developed and then never looked at much due to the hassle of needing a projector and screen. It wasn't until a couple of months ago while cleaning out some storage cabinets that I stumbled on the box that I had carefully stowed them in. VOILA, I resurrected them with the help of a service that transforms slides into a digital format that I can now put on this website. The pictures aren't great but working with them allowed me to relive those special moments some 32 years ago with my Dad. I hope he enjoys them as well.

Darmstadt city shopping area- Luisenplatz

Darmstadt train station built in 1912.
Darmstadt "stuff"

Darmstadt is one of few cities (as opposed to smaller towns) in Germany which does not lie close to a river, lake or coast. It is approx. 25 mi south of Frankfurt and 40 mi north of Heidelberg. The city grew in population during the 19th century from little over 10,000 to 72,000 inhabitants. In the beginning of the 20th century Darmstadt was an important centre for the art movement of Jugendstil, the German variant of Art Nouveau. Darmstadt was the first city in Germany to force Jewish shops to close in early 1933, shortly after the Nazis took power in Germany. Darmstadt's old city centre was largely destroyed in a British bombing raid on Darmstadt on 11 September 1944. Over three quarters of Darmstadt's inner city area was destroyed in the raid leading to relatively architecturally plain style of post-war rebuilding.


Park area in Darmstadt.

Darmstadt open market.

Darmstadt History Museum.

Unique local Russian Orthodox church
 


Dad's apartment on the left.


Willie and Frau. The owners of the home and apartment where
Dad resided.

   Frankenstein Castle
Darmstadt, Frankenstein Castle

Fifteen minutes south of the city and the airport a winding road takes you up a mountain to the ruins of a castle called Frankenstein. An original fortress was first built in the 10th Century. The current castle was constructed beginning in the 13th Century with additions in the next two hundred years. Abandoned as a residence in the late 1600's, serving for awhile as a prison and then completely forgotten and a ruin ever since with some walls, an intact though damaged distinctive tower and a small chapel, said to be haunted. The Darmstadt Castle Frankenstein was resurrected in romantic age of the 1800’s as a part of the era’s fascination with gothic and romantic literature and the publishing of Mary Shelley’s famous novel of “Frankenstein” in 1818.
 


Castle Ruins

 


View of Darmstadt, Eiberstadt , and surrounding area from Castle.

Views from Frankenstein Castle ruins.

Pharmacy Museum in Darmstadt

"Apoteke"  - pharmacy.
I wish I had kept notes and itinerary of our travels because I don't remember the details all these years later. Fortunately the slides were labeled. I know shortly after arriving in Darmstadt we took a train to Zurich, Switzerland and then on to Lucerne. At some time in those weeks we checked out the local German area, cruised down the Rhine, went to Paris,  flew to Rome, and ate an abundance of new types of food. Good thing I was skinny back then! I took pictures of pharmacies along our journey being  so excited about my new profession.

The German countryside from the train on our way to Switzerland. Looks like a "storybook".
Zurich Facts
Zurich  is the largest city in Switzerland located centrally at the northwestern tip of Lake Zurich about 17 miles north of the Alps, nestled between wooded hills on the west and east side.  During the Middle Ages Zurich gained the independent and privileged status of imperial immediacy and, in 1519, was the place of origin and centre of the Protestant Reformation in German-speaking Switzerland, led by Ulrich Zwingli.

 Extensive developments took place during the 19th century. From 1847, the Spanisch-Brötli-Bahn, the first railway on Swiss territory, connected Zurich with Baden, putting the Zürich Hauptbahnhof at the origin of the Swiss rail network.

Today, self-confident and prosperous, Zürich is the blueprint of Swiss perfection with its banking muscle, Alpine backdrop and love of good living. Blessed with pure air, the dazzling Lake Zürich and a walkable Altstadt district full of fine boutiques and restaurants
 


Zurich. The Quaint mixed with the Modern.

Tourist office

Immaculate !

View from balcony of our hotel in Zurich.

A young Kathie

Horse carriages near hotel.

Kathie and another Pharmacy.

Dad in hotel room.

Beautiful city walkways along Lake Zurich.

View of Zurich from cable car.

We take a cable car ride to mountain overlooking Zurich.

Clean, picturesque walking and shopping areas.

A Pharmacy!

We take a break and enjoy the beauty of Lake Zurich.

Water Tower on Chapel Bridge.
Lucerne
 

We take a day trip to Lucerne from Zurich. Due to its location on the shore of Lake Lucerne, within sight of Mount Pilatus and Rigi in the Swiss Alps, Lucerne has long been a destination for tourists and was voted the fifth most popular tourism destination in the world in 2010 by Tripadvisor. Since the city straddles the Reuss River where it drains the lake, it has a number of bridges. The most famous is the Chapel Bridge a 669 ft long wooden bridge originally built in 1333, although much of it had to be replaced after a fire on August 18, 1993, allegedly caused by a discarded cigarette. Part way across, the bridge runs by the octagonal Water Tower, a fortification from the 13th century. Inside the bridge are a series of paintings from the 17th century depicting events from Luzern's history. The Bridge with its Tower is the city's most famous landmark. Historic houses decorated with frescoes line the picturesque town squares as they do the ‘Weinmarkt’ square in the car-free old town. Lucerne is a city of town squares and churches. The Jesuit church dating from the 17th century is regarded as Switzerland’s first sacral Baroque building and the twin towers of the Hofkirche form an integral part of the townscape. The center of Lucerne is a pedestrian area of cobbled streets bordered by houses, shops and hotels painted in medieval style or decorated with displays of flowers. Above the old town is the original city wall from which you can admire the splendor and variety of the scenery.


Chapel Bridge

Chapel Bridge, Water Tower, Reuss River.

One of many fresh flower shops.

Jesuit Church dating from the 17th century is regarded as Switzerland’s first sacral Baroque building.
Lucerne: Lion Monument
Dying Lion Monument. Carved out of natural rock in memory of the heroic deaths of the Swiss mercenaries at the Tuileries in 1792.

The Reuss River in the old part of Lucerne.
 

River, Bridges, Buildings and Beauty.

Colorful shopping areas....

 

Lots of outside eating.

Dad. People watching.

Checking out the pharmacy...

Inside and ...

..outside.

Mt. Pilatus overlooks Lucerne at close to 7,000 ft.
Scary but fun!

The top can be reached with the Pilatus Railway, the world’s steepest cogwheel railway  operating from May to November.

A picture from the brochure.

Rhine Aflame Cruise

In summer, extensive fireworks move along the Rhine to light up multiple castles and ruins. We take a bus to Bacharach where we eat and get on the cruise boat to Ruedesheim and back downstream.  As dusk falls, the banks of the Rhine and its castles are beautifully illuminated with long-lasting fireworks and lights. Spectacular fireworks displays are at the Reichenstein and Rheinstein castles and the cities of Assmanshausen, Bingen and Ruedesheim.  After the grand firework finale, we cruise to our dock and board our bus for the return trip home.  Since it was night my photography skills weren't any good and my pictures didn't turn out. The picture from the brochure is a good example of what it looked like.  The weather was perfect!

 

 


Town of Bacharach where we eat a good German
meal before boarding our boat to cruise the Rhine and
be awed with the illuminated castles and fireworks.

 Rhine Aflame cruise boat leaving for evening cruise.
Bacharach am Rhein, © 2000 Foto Paul Stahl
Bacharach on the Rhine river in Germany
(from brochure)

German countryside as we drive to Heidelberg on the Autobahn.
Heidelberg
 

We drive to Heidelberg for a day trip and visit the Castle and Old Town. The city is situated in south-west Germany, south of Darmstadt  in the Rhine Rift Valley, mainly on the left bank of the lower part of the river Neckar and  bordered by the mountains  Königsstuhl  and Gaisberg.  It is the seat of the University of Heidelberg and played a leading part in the era of humanism and reformation and the conflict between Lutheranism and Calvinism in the 15th and 16th centuries.  A few months after the proclamation of the 95 theses, in April 1518, Martin Luther was received in Heidelberg, to defend them. Heidelberg's library, founded in 1421, is the oldest public library in Germany still intact.  

Heidelberg is a popular tourist destination due to its romantic and picturesque cityscape's character including the Heidelberg Castle and the baroque style Old Town.

The Castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps. The earliest castle structure was built before AD 1214 and later expanded into 2 castles circa 1294; however, in 1537, a lightning-bolt destroyed the upper castle. The present structures had been expanded by 1650, before damage by later wars and fires. It had a pharmacy museum in it!

File:Heidelberg Castle on the Hills.JPG
The Heidelberg Castle  (from brochure)

Views of the City from Castle.

Nectar River, City, and Castle. (from brochure)

Eiffel Tower in evening.
We take a bus to Paris and do some "site seeing".

Views from top of Eiffel Tower.

 
The Eiffel Tower  is an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. Built in 1889, it has become both a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tower is the tallest building in Paris and the most-visited paid monument in the world; millions of people ascend it every year. Named for its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as the entrance arch to the 1889 World's Fair. Eiffel had a permit for the tower to stand for 20 years; it was to be dismantled in 1909, when its ownership would revert to the City of Paris. The City had planned to tear it down (part of the original contest rules for designing a tower was that it could be easily demolished) but as the tower proved valuable for communication purposes, it was allowed to remain after the expiry of the permit.  The tower stands 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building. Upon its completion, it surpassed the Washington Monument to assume the title of tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years, until the Chrysler Building in New York City was built in 1930; however, due to the addition in 1957 of the antenna, the tower is now taller than the Chrysler Building. Not including broadcast antennas, it is the second-tallest structure in France after the 2004 Millau Viaduct.

 


Night shot from Eiffel Tower.

Night shot.

 A French Pharmacy

View from Sacre Coeur- Montmartre

Painters Square in  Montmartre

La Madeleine  Cathedral

Champs Elysee
One of the principal tourist destinations in Paris, the lower part of the Champs-Élysées is bordered by greenery

Beautiful gardens
near the Grand Palais des Champs-Elysées.
Right----check out young Bill, DAD

Notre Dame Cathedral.
Perfect weather and LUCK got me this Excellent photo.


Views from different sides.

Western side
Notre Dame de Paris is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in France and in Europe, and the naturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in contrast with earlier Romanesque architecture. The first period of construction from 1163 into the 1240's coincided with the musical experiments of the Notre Dame school.

Notre Dame de Paris was among the first buildings in the world to use the flying buttress (arched exterior supports). The building was not originally designed to include the flying buttresses around the choir and nave. After the construction began and the thinner walls (popularized in the Gothic style) grew ever higher, stress fractures began to occur as the walls pushed outward. In response, the cathedral's architects built supports around the outside walls, and later additions continued the pattern. The cathedral was essentially complete by 1345.

The cathedral suffered desecration during the radical phase of the French Revolution in the 1790s, when much of its religious imagery was damaged or destroyed

 


My pitiful picture of a statue in the Louvre.
and a McDonalds eating stop on the Champs Elysees.
Quite the contrasts.
Palace of Versailles


 
From Paris we take day trip to Versailles, about 20 miles from Paris. There was too much to look at so I bought a picture/history book instead of trying to take my own photos. This is my "lone" picture of Dad as we get in line to take the tour.


 

 

Trip to Reims, France

We make another day trip to Reims. A city with  much history and old stuff including the incredible cathedral.

Reims Facts:
It is a city in the Champagne-Ardenne region of France, lies 80 miles east-northeast of Paris. Founded by the Gauls, it became a major city during the period of the Roman Empire. Hostilities in World War I greatly damaged the city. German bombardment and a subsequent fire in 1914 did severe damage to the cathedral. The ruined cathedral became one of the central images of anti-German propaganda produced in France during the war. During World War II the city suffered additional damage. But in Reims, at 2:41 on the morning of 7 May 1945, General Eisenhower and the Allies received the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht.

We stroll the village streets and eat a French lunch.


The Cathedral
The present building occupies roughly the same site as the original cathedral, founded c.400.
That church was rebuilt during the Carolingian period and further extended in the 12th century.

SO MUCH detail hard to believe they could make this so long ago.

The walls are covered with these detailed statues inside and out.
For our final big excursion we flew to Rome, Italy and made side trips to Naples and also island of Capri. We crammed in a ton of site seeing and sovenir shopping. I loved Italy.


Rome Facts
Rome  is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city with over 2.7 million residents and the largest  metropolitan area  in Italy.

 Rome's history spans over two and a half thousand years. It was the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, which was the dominant power in Western Europe and the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea for over seven hundred years from the 1st century BC until the 7th century AD. Since the 1st century AD Rome has been the seat of the Papacy and, after the end of Byzantine domination, in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870.

In 2007 Rome was the 11th-most-visited city in the world, 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy.  The city is one of Europe's and the world's most successful city brands, both in terms of reputation and assets.  Monuments and museums such as the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are amongst the world's 50 most visited tourist destinations (the Vatican Museums receiving 4.2 million tourists and the Colosseum receiving 4 million tourists every year)

 


Column of Marcus Aurelius

Palace Venezia. " Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II"

St. Peter's Square in the Vatican ....
 

.. a landlocked sovereign city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome, Italy

The Coliseum
Capable of seating 50,000 spectators it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles,
 animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology

The Quirinal Palace is the current official residence of the President of the Italian Republic.
It is located on the Quirinal Hill, the tallest of the seven hills of Rome, and is one of the most important palaces of Rome,
for its historical, political and artistic features.
It housed thirty popes, four kings and eleven presidents of the Italian Republic.

The Trevi Fountain
 Standing  85 feet high and 65 feet wide,
it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world.
The Triton Fountain  is a seventeenth century fountain in Rome, by the well-known Baroque sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini the fountain is located in the Piazza Barberini. The fountain was executed in travertine in 1642–43. At its centre rises an larger than lifesize muscular Triton, a minor sea god of ancient Greco-Roman legend, depicted as a merman kneeling on the sum of four dolphin tailfins. His head is thrown back and his arms raise a conch to his lips; from it a jet of water spurts.

 

Capri  is an Italian island in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Sorrentine Peninsula, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples, and has been a resort since the time of the Roman Republic.
Features of the island are the Marina Piccola (the little harbour), the Belvedere of Tragara, which is a high panoramic promenade lined with villas, the limestone crags called sea stacks that project above the sea , the Blue Grotto, and the ruins of the Imperial Roman villas.
The town of Capri is the main centre of population on the island. It has two harbours, Marina Piccola and Marina Grande.

 


We take boat from Naples to island of Capri. 
 

After a "heart attack" ride in a van up the narrow switchback
  roads we arrive at the top. It was worth it.

We stroll and shop....

and eat lunch overlooking the ocean.

Lunch time..

Looking down...way down...

Cactus Garden. Really BIG ones covering the cliff sides.

Overlook near the restaurant.

THE END....but the memories live on.

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